Types of Haemorrhoids Explained
Haemorrhoids are swollen veins that can arise in the anus and lower rectum and cause pain, discomfort, itchiness, and other symptoms. They occur when the veins in the rectum or anus become swollen as a result of increased pressure.
There are four types of haemorrhoids:
- External haemorrhoids - These haemorrhoids are visible and appear around the outside of the anal area as a collection of lumps. While they are typically not serious and can be treated with OTC medication, you may experience more pain and discomfort than internal haemorrhoids when you sit down or do physical activity.
- Internal haemorrhoids - These haemorrhoids occur in the anal canal and rectum and cannot always be seen. You may not always feel pain with internal haemorrhoids or know that you have them. However, if they grow larger, they can cause itching, burning and swelling near the anus. They may also turn into a prolapsed haemorrhoid.
- Prolapsed haemorrhoids - This occurs when the internal haemorrhoids swell to the point that they protrude out of the anus and look like swollen red lumps. Depending on how far the haemorrhoid is protruding, you may need treatment or surgery to correct it.
- Thrombosed haemorrhoids - This type of haemorrhoid contains a blood clot inside the tissue. This can occur in both internal or external haemorrhoids and cause itching, swelling, pain, and a blueish colour around the area. These require immediate treatment to stop further complications.
At Amcal, you can buy haemorrhoid treatment for itchiness, discomfort and pain associated with internal and external haemorrhoids. Shop Anusol suppositories for pain relief, Rectinol ointment with local anaesthetic and SOOV with hydrocortisone to soothe and relieve pain, itchiness and inflammation. We also have Fleet Enema to relieve constipation and prevent more haemorrhoids from developing.
Causes of Haemorrhoids
Haemorrhoids can happen when too much pressure is placed on the anus or rectum region and the veins or blood vessels become swollen as a result. Some of the most common causes of haemorrhoids include straining during a bowel movement or sitting for a long time on the toilet, chronic constipation and diarrhoea, family history, obesity, and heavy lifting.
Who Can Get Haemorrhoids?
While haemorrhoids are common for people aged 45-65 years old, anyone can get them - even children. Those with a family history of haemorrhoids are more likely to develop them, as well as pregnant women, people with obesity, or if you spend a lot of time putting repeated pressure on the rectum or anal area, such as if you lift heavy objects for a living or strain from constipation.
Symptoms of Haemorrhoids
Haemorrhoid symptoms can be very painful and cause a lot of discomfort, but they are not usually life-threatening. The type of symptoms you experience depends on the type of haemorrhoid you have. For example:
- External haemorrhoids - Can cause itching, irritation around the anus, swelling, and pain during bowel movements
- Internal haemorrhoids - Can cause painless bleeding during a bowel movement. You may notice blood on the toilet paper or in the toilet. If a haemorrhoid has become prolapsed, you may experience pain and discomfort
- Thrombosed haemorrhoids - Can cause a hard lump near the anus, severe swelling and inflammation.
Getting a Medical Diagnosis
A healthcare professional will generally perform a physical examination of the anal region. This may be all that is required for a diagnosis. However, they may also do a digital rectal exam or send you for further tests, such as a colonoscopy, to determine the cause of your symptoms.
Haemorrhoids vs Piles - What is the Difference?
Piles is simply another term for haemorrhoids. They both refer to a condition that causes swollen veins inside and outside of the anus and lower rectum, resulting in itching, soreness, discomfort, and inflammation.
The Time it Takes for Haemorrhoids to Heal
Small haemorrhoids may clear up on their own within a few days. You may be able to use home remedies or OTC medication to clear them up faster and relieve symptoms. If they do not go away or become worse, see your healthcare professional.
Different Ways to Treat Haemorrhoids
In many cases, you can treat small haemorrhoids using home remedies and over the counter medication without a prescription.
Witch hazel can be gently applied to the area to reduce swelling. You can also use a cold compress to help bring down inflammation and bring soothing relief. Sitting in a warm bath or sitz bath filled with Epsom salts for around 15 minutes can be a great way to ease itching, burning, swelling and pain. Aloe vera gel is another effective home remedy that causes the tissues to contract to help reduce inflammation. Try applying it gently to the areas with baby wipes.
If you're in need of OTC medication, you can buy haemorrhoids treatment at Amcal for fast relief of symptoms, such as pain, swelling, and itchiness. Shop our range of laxatives, hemorrhoid creams, and suppositories at your nearest store or online with free delivery over $89 Australia-wide.
Can Haemorrhoids Be Prevented?
Eating a balanced diet rich in fibre is a great way to prevent constipation and ensure your digestive health is in top condition. As constipation leads to straining during bowel movements, increasing your fibre intake will lessen your chances of developing haemorrhoids by softening the stool. Make sure you eat a good variety of fruit, leafy green vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and protein.
Drink plenty of water, exercise regularly, and avoid sitting for long periods of time. You may also wish to take fibre supplements. Weight loss can also help to prevent haemorrhoids.
It's important that you go as soon as you feel the need to pass a bowel movement and avoid straining to prevent pressure on the veins in the rectum.
Over the Counter Treatments Available
If you need extra help, you can buy haemorrhoid treatment at Amcal without a prescription. Shop SOOV topical cream with hydrocortisone to reduce swelling and lidocaine for pain relief. We also have Rectinol ointment for pain and itching associated with haemorrhoids and other anal-rectum conditions Anusol suppositories with zinc oxide to soothe the pain and discomfort of internal and external haemorrhoids.
For help with constipation, a lubricant laxative, such as Fleet Enema can help to relieve constipation and reduce the chances of developing haemorrhoids due to bowel straining.
When to Seek Medical Advice
If you experience bleeding during bowel movements or your haemorrhoids are not shrinking after a week of home treatment, it's best to see your healthcare professional for further advice and diagnosis.
Buying Haemorrhoid Treatments Online at Amcal
Amcal makes it easy for you to find haemorrhoid relief with our best-seller range of haemorrhoid creams and suppositories. Shop the most trusted brands today, including Anusol, Rectinol, and SOOV, to help ease the uncomfortable symptoms of haemorrhoids, such as itchiness, pain, discomfort, and swelling. Enjoy free delivery for orders over $89 or come into your nearest Amcal and let our friendly team assist you.
FAQs About Haemorrhoid Treatments
What Shrinks Haemorrhoids Fast?
If your haemorrhoids are small, you can use both natural home remedies and OTC medications to shrink them quickly and relieve symptoms. Here are some things you can try:
- Take a warm sitz bath
- Apply witch hazel to the area
- Use ice packs to reduce swelling and pain
- Apply OTC topical creams and treatments, such as Rectinol ointment
How do You Treat External Haemorrhoids?
External haemorrhoids can usually be seen as lumps around the anus opening. They can cause more pain and discomfort than internal haemorrhoids when you sit down or pass a bowel movement. You can try:
- Cold packs to reduce swelling
- Keeping the area clean with baby wipes
- Taking warm baths
- Using OTC treatments, including our creams by Rectinol and SOOV, as well as Anusol suppositories for pain relief.
What is the Most Effective Haemorrhoid Treatment?
An over-the-counter treatment can provide fast relief for itching, swelling, pain, and burning. If you prefer natural remedies, a sitz bath can be very effective for increasing blood flow and relaxing the muscles. You can also help to prevent haemorrhoids by eating a balanced diet that's high in fibre or by taking fibre supplements to keep stools soft and to avoid the straining that commonly causes haemorrhoids.
What is the Best Cream to Shrink Haemorrhoids?
The best creams to shrink haemorrhoids are ones that include corticosteroids as these are known to reduce inflammation and swelling. You can pick up SOOV Haemorrhoid Ointment with hydrocortisone and lidocaine for pain relief, as well as Rectinol Ointment with cinchocaine hydrochloride and zinc oxide to soothe inflammation and protect the skin.
Do You Need a Prescription for Haemorrhoids Cream?
No, our haemorrhoid creams can be purchased without a prescription from your doctor. They can be applied topically for external haemorrhoids or inserted as a suppository for both internal and external haemorrhoids, such as our Anusol suppositories. Shop them in-store or online today with free postage over $89.